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Criminal Law

The Penal Code of Thailand is a codified system of laws dealing with crimes and offenses against the 'public' (including the Kingdom of Thailand, the King, and certain members of the royal family) and against another person and prescribing the punishment of the offender.

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Criminal cases in Thailand

If an act is a social or moral offense, the person or organization is not criminally liable until the act is established as a crime under the law.

In Thailand, criminal prosecution is the responsibility of several government organizations: Royal Thai Police, Office of the Attorney General, Courts of Justice, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Interior.


Arrest, detention, and bail in Thailand

An arrest may be made in case of suspicion or accusation of a criminal offense. Depending on the circumstances, an arrest may be made with or without a warrant.

The arrest duration is regulated and depends on the seriousness of the alleged crime. Bail is not typical in Thailand and is rarely granted. Nevertheless, bail regulations do exist.


Rights of the suspect and the accused

A person suspected or accused of an offense in Thailand has certain rights. Knowing these rights can help in the event of a problematic situation. In many cases, the intervention of a lawyer and the timely notification of relatives makes it possible to prevent a pessimistic scenario.

For example, an alleged offender taken into custody or detained has the right to notify the person of their choice of what is happening. Or to request that the person of his choice be notified of the arrest and place of detention at the earliest opportunity. The alien has the right to an interpreter to protect his rights.


Criminal Trial

The decision as to the guilt or innocence of the defendant and, if convicted, the determination of punishment is at the sole and independent discretion of the judge presiding over the trial. There is no jury system in Thailand.

Procedures for Trial, Presentation of Evidence in Court, and Appellate Proceedings.


Drugs in Thailand

The outcome of drug cases depends directly on the quality of the evidence that the police and prosecutor present to the court. A lawyer's job is to question the testimony of police and police witnesses and to discredit the practices and protocols that the police used in their investigation and arrest. In the case of an arrest, it is common to think that your case is hopeless and impossible to fight. However, it is not. But to succeed, you must have a thorough knowledge of police practices, protocols, and investigative techniques. This will allow you to discredit and eliminate evidence to dismiss the charges.


Law Against Money Laundering

Money laundering is a crime. The number of prosecutions by governments worldwide (including Thailand) in search of underpaid tax revenues increases yearly. Without the help of a lawyer, the crime can have severe consequences for those accused. A successful outcome of the case requires a proper proactive defense of assets and liberty, using all possible means.


Extradition from Thailand

Extradition is a very serious matter. Persons accused of crimes committed in other countries must have an experienced lawyer to fight for their freedom. The legal processes required for extradition are lengthy and consist of many steps. These features can be used to delay or stop the process altogether.

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Updated: 14-02-2023
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